In most cases: areas of discomfort can be taken care of at home with simple adjustments & home care steps. Please read & download home emergency care instructions:

Please call our office if: you experience severe pain or have a painful appliance problem that you can’t take care of yourself and we’ll schedule an appointment right away to resolve the problem. If your emergency occurs after hours: please contact Dr. Ko or Dr. Yoon directly using the number listed in your New Patient Folder.

General Soreness

  • During your first few days with your new braces, you may feel a general soreness in your mouth which increases with biting pressure.
  • Irritated gums and sore spots can be relieved by rinsing with warm salt-water (dissolve 1 teaspoon of salt into a cup of warm water) a few times a day.
  • We’ll also show you how to use the soft wax in your hygiene kit to reduce the discomfort from your new braces to your cheeks and tongue.

Problems & Home Solutions


  • Loose Band or Bracket: If the band or bracket is still attached to the wire, leave it in place – place wax on the bracket and we’ll repair the broken bracket at your next visit. If the bracket is unattached to the wire, remove it gently and bring it with you to your next visit.
  • Sliding or Loose Wire: Gently slide the wire back into place and into the molar tube with your fingers or clean tweezers / needle nose pliers. Use a generous piece of wax to ease discomfort. As a last resort, you can clip the sharp wire with a clean nail clipper behind the last tooth to which it is attached.
  • Poking or Sticking wire: Try pushing the sticking wire down with the end of a pencil eraser and use a large piece of soft wax on the sharp parts to ease discomfort.
  • Loose elastic tie or O-ring: The O-ring is the colored elastic tie around your bracket. It’s okay to wait for your next adjustment if one or two of the rings come off and the wire is stable. You can also use a piece of floss and gently secure the wire back into the braces. We’ll replace it at your next appt.
  • Loose Appliance: If your appliance comes loose on both sides, carefully remove it and place it in your case so that it can be re-cemented on your next visit- the appliance may have come loose due to excess manipulation with your tongue/fingers or from a hard/sticky/chewy food or object. If your appliance comes loose on one side, please call the office immediately for an emergency visit so that it can be removed or re-cemented according to the doctor’s instructions.
  • Appliance or Headgear no longer fits correctly: If your appliance has become distorted and no longer fits comfortably as before – please do not try to force it into place – call our office and schedule an emergency visit so Dr. Ko can adjust your appliance for you.



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